New commitments and partners agreed by Signatories to Convention on Migratory Species Shark MoU
San Jose, Costa Rica. February 19, 2016. Signatories to the Convention on Migratory Species (CMS)
Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) for Sharks have unanimously agreed to add twenty-two species of
sharks and rays to the MoU scope, and to accept the applications of six conservation groups as
Cooperating Partners in fulfilling MoU objectives. Conservationists are, in turn, calling on countries to take
concrete national and international actions to fulfill new commitments to the imperiled species.
The CMS 2010 Shark MoU is the first global instrument dedicated to the conservation of migratory sharks
and rays. The addition of 22 species (listed on the CMS Appendices in 2011 and 2014) brings the total
number of species under the MoU's scope to 29: white shark, porbeagle, spiny dogfish, basking shark,
both makos, all three threshers, two species of hammerheads, whale shark, all nine devil rays, both
mantas, all five sawfishes, and the silky shark. The number of MoU Signatories rose to 40 (39 national
governments and the EU) with this week's addition of Portugal.
"We are encouraged by the growing number of countries that are engaging in CMS shark and ray
conservation activities, and welcome the expansion of the Shark MoU scope," said Sonja Fordham of
Shark Advocates International. "At the same time, we are eager for countries to follow up with concrete
actions in line with these commitments, particularly strict protections for highly threatened rays, and fishing
limits to ensure the long-term health of migratory shark populations."
Through the CMS Shark MoU and associated Conservation Plan, signatories have agreed to facilitate a
better understanding of shark populations and fisheries, set science-based catch limits, prevent "finning"
(slicing off a shark's fins and discarding the body at sea), protect critical shark habitats, and cooperate
toward shark conservation through international fisheries and wildlife bodies. Shark Advocates
International, Shark Trust, and Project AWARE were among the conservation groups accepted as
Cooperating Partners in fulfilling Sharks MoU objectives.
"Our organizations are honored by the opportunity to serve as Cooperating Partners and thereby
collaborate toward migratory shark and ray conservation with countries at the forefront of this critical work,"
said Ali Hood, Director of Conservation for the Shark Trust. "This status gives us a special opportunity to
share expertise and provide support while ensuring implementation of the associated Conservation Plan."
CMS Parties are obligated to strictly protect the manta and devil rays and the five sawfishes (through
listing on CMS Appendix I), and to work internationally to conserve the sharks listed on Appendix II.
"We applaud Costa Rica for hosting this important and successful meeting, and for the country's past
initiatives to secure international trade controls on hammerheads and to strengthen shark finning bans on
a global scale," said Ania Budziak, Associate Director for Project AWARE. "We are hopeful that new
commitments made this week will lead to strict national protections for devil rays and sawfishes, and the
end of Costa Rican opposition to regional fishing limits for hammerhead and silky sharks."
Notes to Editors:
The groups outlined specific requests for action in a document distributed at the meeting:
The CMS meeting coincided with the release of a new global strategy from a coalition of conservation
groups including Shark Advocates International and Shark Trust. See:
Shark Advocates International is a project of The Ocean Foundation working to safeguard sharks and
rays through sound, science-based conservation policy.
The Shark Trust is a UK charity working to advance the worldwide conservation of sharks through
science, education, influence and action.
Project AWARE is a growing movement of scuba divers protecting the ocean planet - one dive at a time.
The Convention on Migratory Species of Wild Animals (CMS) is an intergovernmental treaty formed under
the United Nations Environment Program. With 122 member governments, CMS
works for the regional and global conservation of a variety of threatened migratory animals through
negotiation and implementation of agreements and action plans. CMS activities and instruments are open
to non-Parties. More about the CMS Shark MoU.